• Subiect: The First World War (1914 - 1918) was set off by the contradictions between the two military blocks: The Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente, for the redistribution of the areas of influence and the colonies. After a two year period of neutrality, Romania entered the war alongside the Entente, in order to accomplish the national objective: the union with the territories under foreign domination. The Crown Council of August 14th/27th 1916 presided over by King Ferdinand the 1st sanctioned the Treaty of Alliance and the military convention with the Entente. On the 25th/28th of August 1916 the Romanian army marched through the Carpathian mountain passes to liberate Transylvania. Despite the heroism and the bravery of the Romanian soldiers in the battles of Valea Jiului, Valea Oltului, Neajlov, Turtucaia- Dobrudja,the superiority of the enemy and the neglecting of the military stipulations on behalf of the Entente led to the occupation of two thirds of the country and the capital Bucharest (November 23rd / December 6th 1916). The government, the parliament, the royal family, the army, a percent of the population would withdraw to the only independent territory, Moldavia. Iaşi became the capital of the Romanian resistance (1916 - 1918). The reorganization of the Romanian army with help from the French military mission led by General Henri Berthelot led to the great victories in the summer of 1917 at Mărăşti - Mărăşeşti - Oituz against the German - Austro - Hungarian armies under the command of General Mackensen. Romania couldn’t benefit from these victories. The Bolshevik coup (October 25th / November 7th 1917) allowed the signing of the armistice and the separate peace at Bresk-Litovsk between Russia and the Triple Alliance (March 1918). Romania was forced to sign an armistice at Focşani (November 26th / December 9th 1917) and the military peace at Bucharest (April 25th/May 7th 1918) with Germany and its allies. The changes on the front following the victory of the Entente at Marna (August 1918) led to the capitulation of Bulgaria, Turkey and Austria, culminating in the signing of the armistice with Germany (November 11th 1918). In this context, the Romanian people achieved its national unity following the historical decisions of the acts signed at Chişinău (March 27th / April 9th 1918), Cernăuţi (November 15th / November 28th 1918) and Alba Iulia (November 18th / December 1st 1918), sanctioned by the Peace Conference in Paris (1919-1920) through the peace treaties. Greater Romania would become an active agent in the inter-war period for the keeping of the peace and the status-quo within the League of Nations and the regional alliances.
  • Limba de redactare: română
  • Secţiunea: Istorie modernă şi contemporană
  • Vezi publicația: Acta Moldaviae Meridionalis
  • Editura: Muzeul Judeţean „Ştefan cel Mare” Vaslui
  • Loc publicare: Vaslui
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2018
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XXXIX; nr. în TOM: 2; anul 2018
  • Paginaţia: 63-90
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