• Subiect: Balkan states, played, for a very long time, a particularly significant role in national life because, among other reasons, of the enormous tracts of land under their control. Thus, the metropolitans and the high clergy had a very strong economic and political as well as spiritual and religious influence in Romanian society. Since 1851, the head of Moldavian church was Sofronie Miclescu, a very respected but authoritative man. Soon after the unification of the two Romanian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia, in 1859, under the Prince (named „hospodar”) Alexander I. Cuza, the relationship between the two leaders became more and more altered, because the new political position of the lay authorities on the Orthodox Church and its new clergy statute. Moreover, the Moldavian new authorities wished to have an independent church and to make its administration a part of the state apparatus. The opposition of Sofronie Miclescu to almost every reforme projected by the new political regime on the way of modernity opened a gravely conflict with Al.I. Cuza, who decided the suspension of Metropolitan, in November 1860, and his banishment to Slatina Monastery. After that, Sofronie Miclescu was going to be charged by a high clerical Court, but meanwhile, his illness and old age made the authorities to give up the severe measure. The Metropolitan was approved to come back to Iassy, to be discharged with a pension, but after a few months, he died. The conflict was over, but that episode generated, from time to time, various opinions among analists, regarding the question of guilt.
  • Limba de redactare: română
  • Vezi publicația: Zargidava - Revistă de Istorie
  • Loc publicare: Bacău
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2014
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XIII; anul 2014
  • Paginaţia: 78-87
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