• Subiect: THE AMPHITHEATRE FROM POROLISSUM AND ITS CULTIC CHARACTERISTICS The excavations undertaken at the Roman amphitheatre from Porolissum revealed certain modifications of the edifice near the north-westem gate, south-west of it (plates II-IV). This building was transformed into a small sanctuary, probably at the end of the 2nd century or at the beginning of the following one. The cultic material disclosed in the sanctuary consists of: an altar (pedestal?) dedicated to Nemesis by a centurion named Nepos, from Numerus Palmyrenorum; an "an epigraphical" altar, fragments of an altar and inscriptions; small bronze statue of Venus; small marble statue of Venus; votive marble plate representing Silvanus and three Silvanae; ceramic rushlight plint of Silenus (plates V-X). There are many similar cases of sanctuaries in the vicinity of amphitheatres in the Roman Empire, dedicated to Nemesis or to other deities. As far as we know, comparable discoveries were made near or in the following amphitheatres: Senlis, Merida, Tarragone, Lyon, Frejus, Puzzoli, Carnuntum, Aquincum, Scarbantia, Savaria, Augusta Treverorum, Dumovaria, Isca Silurum, Lambaesis, Theveste, Grand, Italica, Deva, Corinium Dubonnorum, Flavia Solva, Pola, Caesarea, Salona, Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa (conf.: Golvin 1988, p. 337-340). A large range of deities is worshiped in these places (as far as it is known), but they are all related to the specific events that take place here: venatio, munera. The gladiators and the beast fighters were inclined to praise the gods of the fights, animals, hunting, faith and luck. Here lies the explanation for the location of sanctuaries dedicated to these gods, in the vicinity or in the precincts of the amphitheatre.
  • Limba de redactare: română
  • Secţiunea: Daci şi romani
  • Vezi publicația: Acta Musei Porolissensis
  • Editura: Muzeul Judeţean de Istorie şi Artă din Zalău
  • Loc publicare: Zalău
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2003
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XXV; anul 2003; subtitlu: Anuarul Muzeului Judeţean de Istorie şi Artă Zalău
  • Paginaţia: 165-194
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