• Subiect: Romanian-Hungarian Philosophical Convergences in the Enlightenment age The Enlightenment was born from a necessity which had to be explained philosophically at first. In considering Romanian and Hungarian Enlightenment philosophy in Transylvania, we must remind the ideas of some of the trend's exponents. We mean Samuil Micu (1745-1806), Gheorghe Şincai (1754-1816) and Petm Maior (1756-1821) among the Romanians and Gyorgy Bessenyei (1717-1811), Gyorgy Aranka (1737-1817) among the Hungarians. No one of them is a pure philosopher. Philosophy is for them just a means of stating the Enlightenment ideas, a background for all knowledge. Therefore, their works are not really original and rather eclectically. For every one of them there is a problem of passing from the traditional Christian faith to laicity. An anti-clerical string is to be found in both the Romanian and the Hungarian Enlightenment Bessenyei even adopts atheism as a form of expression, but lacks persistence. The four, even not being philosophers proper. could not avoid, in their philosophical approach the sense of existence. We should note that, however eclectically, their philosophy attains innovation for Romanian and Hungarian Enlightenment respectively, approaching them as a cause, to Diderot/s spirit, but without going beyond the said limits. This evaluation is even clearer with regard to gnoseology. Another topic very dear to Enlightenment thinkers is the topic of freedom. This concept is closely connected to that of equality, both being important elements in the ratio divine right I natural right. Neither in Romanian, nor in the Hungarian Enlightenment, do freedom and equality provide the object of whole books as it is the case in the West. The philosophy of the Age of Enlightenment, in the case of both Romanians and Hungarians is a specific expression, in the context of a region witch witnessed a loss of speed with regard to the West in matters of culture.
  • Limba de redactare: română
  • Secţiunea: Istorie medie
  • Vezi publicația: Acta Musei Porolissensis
  • Editura: Publicat de: Muzeul Judeţean de Istorie şi Artă Zalău
  • Loc publicare: Zalău
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2000
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XXIII-1; nr. în TOM: I; anul 2000; subtitlu: Anuarul Muzeului Judeţean de Istorie şi Artă Zalău
  • Paginaţia: 697-705
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