• Subiect: The site is located on the right bank of the Olt River, north of Caracal, near the Reşca village. The current analysis considers a sample of 1,377 bones of which 154 are from the area of the workshops and 1,223 from the central fortification. Largely, the samples are dated back to the second half of the second century and the first half of the third century. Domestic segment is predominantly by 97.2% as NISP and 91.87% as MNI. Cattle total 41.38% as NISP and 34.96% as NMI, followed by pig with 34.79% as NISP and 32.52% as MNI. Small ruminants rank the third in husbandry by 19.21% as NISP and 17.07% as MNI. The significance of cattle rate increasing during Roman times, probably means a detachment from the rural economy of the Iron Age to a modern one. We may suggest the presence of an elite at Romula, taking into account the high rate of the pig and the large number of young animals (42%). Certainly it was practiced an efficient management, given the high rate of young individuals, however keeping up a high frequency. Small ruminants’ breeding targeted on getting a tender meat (47.6% is the proportion of youngs), wool and milk (42.8% is the proportion of the adult individuals). Sub-adult animals do not go beyond 9.5%. To note an increased frequency of the goat, at least equal to that of sheep, mostly used for milk, at Romula. The horse is noted by 0.58% as NISP and 3.25% as MNI at Romula. The individuals at Romula come mainly from domestic unimproved breeds. Only when cattle, sheep and goat, one supposes an intake of improved specimens. But their percent is reduced, below 10%. Pigs seem to have not benefitted too much from attention of the Romanian farmers, their feeding claiming not special conditions. Over time the breeds lost their purchased characteristics, the improving action was simply one focused on crossbreeding with imported specimens and not a well-throughout management of livestock. The effects were not lasting as long as the vision and experience on growing conditions (feeding, compliance of biological cycles) kept unchanged. The local types lost the purchased characteristics over time, as the improving action was simply one, focused on crossbreeding with imported specimens. So the effects disappeared after the Roman withdrawal.
  • Limba de redactare: română, engleză
  • Secţiunea: Analize arheozoologice / Archaeozoological analysis
  • Vezi publicația: Buridava - Studii şi Materiale
  • Editura: Offsetcolor
  • Loc publicare: Râmnicu Vâlcea
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2015
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XII; nr. în TOM: 1; anul 2015; subtitlu: Volum dedicat profesorului PETRE I. ROMAN la cea de-a 80-a aniversare / Volume dedicated to Professor PETRE I. ROMAN on his 80th anniversary; seria Symposia Thracologica X
  • Paginaţia: 422-462
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