• TITLU în română: Câteva întrebări referitoare la numele geografic Galat = Galats (Galac / Galaţi) in Transylvania
  • Subiect: A Few Questions Concerning the Geographical Name Galat=Galats (Galac/Galaţi) in Transylvania In this paper the author sketches the problem of the geographical name of Galat which exists all over Transylvania even today. He analyses the possibilities and the theories concerning the derivation of this word. The above mentioned geographical name can be derived neither from Hungarian, nor from Romanian or from a Southern Slavic (Serbian) language. Alexandru PHILIPPIDE, the well known Romanian linguist (professor at the University of Iasi at the beginning of the century, whose has been neglected because of his book (Originea Românilor, volume II, Iaşi, 1927) in which he opposed the false thesis of the Dacian Roman continuity) was of the opinion that in the etymology of the word galat the arabic word kalhat (fortress, fortification, viile fortified, forteresse, chateau, fort, citadelle) can be found and the above-mentioned form has borrowed by one of the Kyptsak (Petcheneg-Cumanian) languages. Pecheneg groups of people appeared mainly by the beginning of l0th century during the reign of Taksony, the Grand Duke (955-972), and they had an increasing role in Transylvania. It has to be underlined that the opinion of the author concerning the Petcheneg people has in the smallest degree anything in common with the thesis of Şt. PASCU and M. RUSU. On the contrary, he has the firm belief that the land of Transylvania was never under Petcheneg domination. After the conflicts between the Hungarians and Petchenegs calmed down (932-934 ), they entered into a treaty of alliance which altered their relationship very much. From the time of the Grand Duke - as it was mentioned above - some Petcheneg groups of people settled down in the Basin of the Carpathians. This immigration went on during the beginning of the 11th century and it grew to considerable proportions. In 1055 the Oguz people made an assault of immense power which generated the decomposition of the confederacy of the Pecheneg tribes living in Levedia-Etelkoz. That is why more and more groups took refuge into the eastern part of the Basin of the Carpathians (Transylvania under Hungarian dominium) and even to the western and southern parts of Hungary (for example Taina County). Taking into consideration the geographical names of Transylvania mainly the south-eastern and north-eastern parts of the land were occupied by larger groups of Pecheneg people and their settlement is possible also in the north-, north-western parts of the territories populated by the Szekely people.
  • Limba de redactare: maghiară, română, engleză
  • Secţiunea: In memoriam
  • Vezi publicația: Cibinium
  • Editura: ASTRA Museum
  • Loc publicare: Sibiu
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2014
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XIV; anul 2014
  • Paginaţia: 151-170
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