De la Trianon la Viena, relaţii romano-ungare

  • Subiect: Romanian-Hungarian relations (1918-1940) Through the Peace Treaty of Trianon (the 4th of June 1920), Hungary recognized the union of Transylvania with Romania. The alliance system created by the Romanian diplomats (The Little Entente - 1921, The Balkan Alliance - 1934), the adherence to severa! international pacts of condemning the war as a way of solving the disagreements between the states (Locarno - 1925, Briand-Kellog 1928), the regulation of the relations with the neighboring states (USSR -1934), form an expression of Romania's pacifist policy. After the instauration of the totalitarian regimes in Italy ( 1922) and Germany (1933), the issue of reviewing of the Paris Treaties became an important point for the instauration of the "new international order" The aggressive policy of the fascist states, the reconciliatory attitude of the great western powers (the Treaty of MunichSeptember 1938), the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact (August 23rd 1939) were steps in the preparation for the start of the second World War (September the 1st 1939). The Hungarian revisionism took advantage of this international context, getting closer to the Axis powers (Germany, Italy), looking to reclaim Transylvania from Romania. The new German-Italian offensive in the spring of 1940 ended in the occupation of an important part of Central and Western Europe. This was the context in which Romania's tragedy occurred. Romania was forced to give way to a part of the territories that were obtained with great sacrifices in 1918, and to set its external policy towards the Axis powers. Through the Soviet ultimatum of 27-28th of June 1940, Romania handed over to USSR several territories such as Basarabia, Bukovina. The negotiations with Hungary didn't have the desired results. Hungary claimed 60% of Transylvania's territory, with more than 3,5 million inhabitants. Hitler and Mussolini's intervention at the arbitration of Vienna (29-30th of August 1940) regarding the concession of 43000 square kilometers, with a population of more than 2,5 million inhabitants to Hungary, proved to be a real diktat. The public opinion in both Romania and abroad condemned the hideous diktat. Greater Romania was no more.
  • Limba de redactare: română
  • Secţiunea: Istorie modernă şi contemporană
  • Vezi publicația: Acta Moldaviae Meridionalis
  • Editura: Muzeul Judeţean „Ştefan cel Mare” Vaslui
  • Loc publicare: Vaslui
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2009
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XXX; nr. în TOM: 2; anul 2009
  • Paginaţia: 89-108
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