Noutăţi aduse în civilizaţia românească de epocă brâncovenească / Novelties brought by prince Constantin Brancoveanu’s era in the romanian civilization

  • Subiect: During the prince Constantin Brancoveanu’s ruling (1688-1714) a new opening in Romanian culture and therefore in the European one was created. He encouraged usage of perspective, reproducing human face expressivity, and group portraiture in painting. It was a humanist novelty. Thus the seclusion imposed by the Byzantine Erminia was exceeded. For each monument the proper land was chosen in the field of architecture. Thereby was followed the path of subordinating the nature to the man. The prince imposed the building of a network of palaces and monasteries, which marked the permanent liaison with the open space. It was another novelty: the style flourished out of the medieval fortification. He imposed an equal ceremonial to the one that Western Europe had in the church. In the same time he promoted the competent people, bourgeois included. For this purposes he developed Academia Domneasca (The Royal Academy) of Bucharest. It was the first modern institution of high education in the South-East of Europe, similar to the Arts faculties of Western Europe. He paid scholarships so the students were sent to Padua, Istanbul, Oxford and Vienna. He also supported books spreading. He established five printings in Walachia, one in Damascus, and one in Tbilisi. All of his initiative the first book ever printed in this part of the world in Turkish language and the Ottoman-Turkish alphabet, a religious book for Orthodox use called “Praschinatarul Ierusalimului si a toata Palestina”, was issued in 1701 in Bucharest. In that time according to the Muslim religious percepts it was forbidden for ottoman language writings to be printed, disseminated, and used so they had to be printed outside the Sublime Porte. There are enough elements to prove that the beginning of the 18th century represented an innovation era in the history of the Romanian and European civilization.
  • Limba de redactare: română
  • Vezi publicația: Muzeul Naţional
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2011
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XXIII; anul 2011
  • Paginaţia: 27-47
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