• Subiect: Orăştie is situated in a favourable geographical position, on the middle course of The Mureş Valley, between very important centres for the south-west of Transylvania (Deva, Sibiu, Alba-Iulia), being surrounded by numerous villages on both banks of the Mureş River, The Grădişte Valley and, in some periods, even farther. The town has been included in different forms of administrative and political organisation. The territory of Orăştie was included in the administrative and political organization of the Saxons living in Transylvania until the final territorial organization of the Hungarian state in 1876. The setting up of the Saxon town of Orăştie is directly related to the Saxon and Teutonic Knights' settlement in Transylvania, which is part of an ample process of German colonization of Central and Eastern Europe that took place between the 10th and 14th centuries. The organization of Orăştie was mentioned for the first time in a document dated 14 July 1349. Depending on different events of the time, on political and economic reasons, the Austrian Empire performed a series of modifications within the district, but also regarding its belonging to certain administrative units that were larger. In time, Orăştie as a capital town, province and small rural district, has accumulated and hosted a number of institutions. After 1876, when the royal land was abolished and included in the new counties, Orăştie was transformed into one of the 10 small rural districts belonging to Hunedoara County. Suffering a few modifications in the organizational structure and territorial division, Orăştie has continuity on the territory and functioned until 1918, when Transylvania was united to Romania.
  • Limba de redactare: română, engleză
  • Secţiunea: Istorie
  • Vezi publicația: Sargetia-Acta Musei Devensis
  • Editura: Astra
  • Loc publicare: Deva
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2006
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XXXIV; anul 2006; subtitlu: Acta Musei Devensis
  • Paginaţia: 209-222
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