• Subiect: The author tries to resume some subjective interference that the contemporary researcher frequently practices in his cultural and historical reconstructions. The inherent tendency of rationalising the human behaviours of the past is seriously damaged by the cultural matrix of Europe, for which the functionalist interpretations are tempting and frequent. The immediate and decisive consequence of this predisposition will be the assumption of the generalised progress, of the spontaneous and reflexive adaptation, perceived to the level of all gestures and behaviours. This idea is however hard to sustain, at least for the techno-cultural level of the Palaeolithic, era that gathers all the criteria of traditionalism, generally speaking. The author underlines a fundamental alterity, although general, which lies between prehistory and its modem image: the positioning in time. If the archetypal perfection is temporally anterior for every conservative community, for the contemporary European the time no longer supposes decadence, but perpetual improvement, by the programmatic abandon of the anterior cultural models. In such a context, the dogmatic identifications of different forms of progress in prehistory risks to frequently constitute only a scholastic predisposition, the necessity - an illusion and the notion of adaptation - a logic commodity. A case of study, that of the Mousterian inhabitation of Peştera Cioarei from Boroşteni, shows imperturbable behaviour stability, at least for what concerns the supply with raw lithic material and its exploitation, this aspect sustains an immobilism of traditional origin. Showing himself reserved against these modest witnesses, the author believes that these suggest precise and stable cultural strategies, intrinsic proofs of a whole society's conservatorism. Neither the Mousterians, and probably nor a cultural community, adapt to the contingences, but more likely they adapt these to some inner reception and accepting possibilities, the needs are, in a certain sense, exclusively intern. The idea of the spontaneity of the adaptation answer is thus equilibrated by the paradigm itself in which this is possible, that of tradition. The classic thesis of Francois Bordes, by which the stylistic imprint could be identified on formal basis in the typology of the lithic material, dispose of a relative methodologic efficiency, on the condition of completing the analysis of this type with studying the hierarchical options attested by the operational chains.
  • Limba de redactare: română, engleză
  • Secţiunea: Teorii şi cercetări interdisciplinare în arheologie
  • Vezi publicația: Memoria Antiquitatis
  • Editura: „Constantin Matasă”
  • Loc publicare: Piatra Neamţ
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2001
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XXII; anul 2001; subtitlu: Acta Musei Petrodavensis
  • Paginaţia: 333-349
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