Biserica domnească „Adormirea Maicii Domnului” din minicipiului Bârlad, judeţul Vaslui

  • Subiect: Built by Vasile Lupu, Prince of Moldavia, in the eighteenth century (c. 1636) on the site of a wooden church dating from the fifteenth century. Damaged by earthquakes, the church was rebuilt from the ground between 1804 and 1807, then rebuilt above windows’ level between 1840 and 1842, when the porch was added, and in 1867 vesmântarul (the place in the altar where church vestments are kept). Between 1938 and 1940 the present bell tower was built on the porch, and Gheorghe Teodorescu-Arges restored the interior painting using the oil painting techniques; the painting was cleaned and completed in 1965. Between 1803 and 1860 a school teaching in Moldavian and Greek languages functioned within the cells attached to the church. One of its students was Constantin Codrescu, director of the first hospital in Bârlad - "Bârlad and Elena Beldiman" - between 1866 and 1891. The same location was used for a school of church singers between 1870 and 1919, which was opened again in 1934. The church has a conch plan with little lateral apses marked on the inside at the masonry depth, a recessed semi-circular altar apse, and entrance on the western side. It is built of bricks, on foundation and stone basement, hipped roof (originally three towers), galvanized roofing sheet (previously tiles, shingles, sheet copper). The interior is covered with a semi calotte in the altar apse, nave and semi-cylindrical vault cap in the nave, supported by two double springs and two pilasters that mark the transition between spaces. The plastic architecture, inspired by Neoclassicism, includes rectangular panels, pilasters, cornice moldings retired under windows with semicircular arched openings. The bell tower, made of reinforced concrete, having three levels of rectangular sections and an octagonal drum, has the same decor as the church, with the exception of the niches under the eaves. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the church received many princely benefits, which were supplemented by community donations (made by nobles, townsmen, intellectuals, etc.), consisting of real property (land, shops, houses) and movable property (wooden icons, church silverware, religious books with donors’ notes), some of which can be seen even nowadays.
  • Limba de redactare: română
  • Vezi publicația: Acta Moldaviae Meridionalis: ActaMM
  • Editura: Muzeul Judeţean „Ştefan cel Mare” Vaslui
  • Loc publicare: Vaslui
  • Anul publicaţiei: 2013
  • Referinţă bibliografică pentru nr. revistă: XXXIV; anul 2013
  • Paginaţia: 35-68
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